Animal testing refers to the use of non-human animals in experiments (Mone, 2014). The animals develop into prototypes in the measurement of different chemical reactions pertaining to a variety of human products ranging from pharmaceuticals to cosmetics (Mone, 2014). The experiments integrate varied processes as some of the experiments may involve observation of the animal’s behavioral patterns while others involve dissection of the animals.
Animal experimentation practices have been in existence for centuries dating back to 2BCE, which has influenced the adoption of the process by numerous scientific and medical processes (Conn & Parker, 2008). However, increases in experimentation in this field have influenced the development of numerous criticism and controversy. Arguments in favor of the practice maintain that animal testing maintained that the process is crucial in the development of advances in medical and biological knowledge (Mone, 2014).
Arguments opposed to the practice develop their basis upon ethical testing stipulations, which have raised concerns over the safety of the chemicals upon exposure to living creatures (Mone, 2014). In addition, the majority of scientists opposed to the practice argue that animal testing has developed into a major hindrance in the evaluation of chemicals and ingredients. The argument develops basis in a variety of industries including pharmaceuticals and cosmetics (Guerrini, 2003). Additionally, animal-based tests are time-consuming and expensive as they necessitate several years of study coupled with high financial input. Furthermore, the existence of physiological differences between humans and animals including mice and rats utilized in the evaluation of the safety of the chemicals limit the validity of the ensuing results (Hoeme, 2010).
This study maintains that animal testing avoidance develops through the integration of computer models within the process that limit usage of animals, which minimizes potential harm to the animals.