How are oral lesions treated?

Relief of pain and reduction of ulcer duration are the main goals of therapy. Medications include topical corticosteroids, analgesics, and antimicrobials. Topical corticosteroids (e.g., Kenalog in Orabase, Orabase HCA) are the mainstays of treatment but only reduce the pain, not the rate of recurrence.

How are oral lesions diagnosed?

For recognition and diagnosis of common oral lesions, a thorough history and a complete oral examination are required; knowledge of clinical characteristics such as size, location, surface morphology, color, pain, and duration also is helpful.

What are the most common oral lesions?

The most common oral lesions are leukoplakia, tori, inflammatory lesions, fibromas, Fordyce’s granules, hemangiomas, ulcers, papillomas, epuli and varicosities.

How the dentist examines a lesion?

The dentist should record a thorough description of the lesion covering many observed characteristics: location, size, shape, color, texture, consistency, overall character, single or multiple locations, ulcerations, mobility or fixation to adjacent structures, fluctuance, inflammation, and associated lymphadenopathy.

What do lesions in the mouth mean?

Oral lesions are mouth ulcers or sores, which may be painful. They can include abnormal cell growth and rare tongue and hard-palate (roof of mouth) disorders. Types and causes include: Fever blisters – These contagious, often painful blisters on lips, gums or the roof of your mouth can last five to 10 days.

Do oral lesions go away?

A: Many lesions do improve and in some cases may even disappear. It is certainly desirable to stop smoking for many health reasons. Even after you stop smoking, you are still at risk for oral premalignant lesions, although your risk will decrease over time.

Are oral lesions normal?

Certain common oral lesions appear as masses, prompting concern about oral carcinoma. Many are benign, although some (e.g., leukoplakia) may represent neoplasia or cancer. Palatal and mandibular tori are bony protuberances and are benign anomalies.

Are all oral lesions cancerous?

Most oral lesions are traumatic in nature and have no potential for cancer (Figure A). However, some oral lesions have an appearance which may raise suspicion by the dentist. Figure A: The whitish line is a common lesion that develops as a reaction to pressure of the soft tissue against the teeth.

What do mouth lesions look like?

Signs and Symptoms of Mouth Lesions You might want to check for any redness, shininess, or swelling in the mouth, on the gums, or on or under your tongue. You may also see white patches or pus in your mouth. You’ll know you have a canker sore if you see a red ring around a white or yellow center.

How is oral lesion size determined?

Use a simple software to measure the dimentions and surface size and compare after 20, 72, h and 1 week, to see if the lesion size is reduced or increase. If there is an increase or no change after 7 days you must observr the detoth or hight too.

How do you document a lesion?

To document a patient’s lesion, use the assessment tree to determine the proper terminology. In your documentation, describe the type of lesion, size in millimeters or centimeters, shape, configuration, color, drainage, odor, and color of surrounding skin.

How do you prevent oral lesions?


  1. Stop using tobacco or don’t start. If you use tobacco, stop.
  2. Drink alcohol only in moderation, if at all. Chronic excessive alcohol use can irritate the cells in your mouth, making them vulnerable to mouth cancer.
  3. Avoid excessive sun exposure to your lips.
  4. See your dentist regularly.

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis, or canker sores, are the most common mouth lesion and occur in 520 percent of the population. There are many other conditions that can cause mouth lesions, including tumors such as squamous cell carcinoma and leukoplakia , infections such as candidiasis and herpes infections,…

What is oral mucosa lesion?

An oral lesion (which includes aphthous ulcers ) is an ulcer that occurs on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. They are very common, occurring in association with many diseases and by many different mechanisms. They can be recognized by a break in the skin or mucous membrane with loss…

What is oral pathology in dentistry?

According to the American Dental Association: “Oral pathology is the specialty of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions.”. Oral pathology is the science that understands the causes and effects of oral disease.

What is a lesion on the tongue?

Also known as tongue lesions and lesions of the mouth, oral lesions are open sores or ulcers found in the oral cavity. The lesions may also include lumps or bumps along the edges. Mouth lesions can be due to several different factors, including inflammation, some type of infection, or even the development of oral cancer.