What are 3 main causes of forest degradation?

Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction (e.g., logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal), and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization.

What are the reasons of decline in forest productivity in India?

The main reasons attributed to the reduction in forest cover are shifting cultivation, rotational felling, other biotic pressures, diversion of forest lands for developmental activities, etc.

What are the causes of deforestation and forest degradation?

The main cause of deforestation is agriculture (poorly planned infrastructure is emerging as a big threat too) and the main cause of forest degradation is illegal logging. In 2019, the tropics lost close to 30 soccer fields’ worth of trees every single minute.

What is forest decline?

Forest decline is characterized by a progressive, often rapid deterioration in the vigor of trees of one or several species , sometimes resulting in mass mortality (or dieback) within stands over a large area. …

What are the 7 causes of deforestation?

Causes of Deforestation

  • Mining. The increase of mining on tropical forests is furthering damage due to the rising demand and high mineral prices.
  • Paper.
  • Overpopulation.
  • Logging.
  • Agriculture Expansion & Livestock Ranching.
  • Cattle ranching and deforestation are strongest in Latin America.
  • Climate Change.

What are the major causes of degradation of forest?

There are a few main drivers of forest degradation. One is climate change: higher temperatures and unpredictable weather patterns increase the risk and severity of forest fires, pest infestation, and disease. But the main cause of forest degradation is unsustainable and illegal logging.

Which state is rich in forest products?

In terms of percentage of forest cover Mizoram (85.41 percent) is the most forest rich state. In Lakshadweep, around 90.33% of forest can be found….Distribution of forest by States/Union Territories.

State Area (in square kilometres)
Madhya Pradesh 77,482
Arunachal Pradesh 66,688
Chhattisgarh 55,611
Odisha 51,619

What is the current productivity of Indian forest?

The productivity of forests is extremely low as 0.7 cum (Cubic metre) as against the world average 2.1 cum/ha./year (Lal, 1989) and along with this, the average growing stock is 32 cum per ha. as compared to world average of 110cum.

What are the five main causes of deforestation?

The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.

What affect the forest badly?

What are the 5 major causes of deforestation?

What are the 10 effects of deforestation?

Effects of Deforestation

  • Climate Imbalance and Climate Change. Deforestation also affects the climate in many ways.
  • Increase in Global Warming.
  • Increase in Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
  • Soil Erosion.
  • Floods.
  • Wildlife Extinction & Habitat Loss.
  • Acidic Oceans.
  • The Decline in Life Quality of People.