What are the causes of democratization?


  • Economic development and modernization.
  • Equality and inclusive institutions.
  • Culture.
  • Social capital and civil society.
  • State formation, state capacity, and democratization.
  • Elite-driven democratization.
  • Waves of democracy.
  • Class alliances and cleavages.

What was the goal of democratization?

If we accept this, or similar, definition of democracy (we call this “procedural democracy”), then, the goal of “democratization” is the establishment of free and fair elections, and “democratization” can be considered the process by which the civil liberties and political rights necessary to achieve this goal are …

What is democratization in AP Human Geography?

Democratization. the spread of representative government to more countries and the process of making governments more representative. Devolution. the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states.

What are the stages of democratization?

One common approach to specifying the democratization process is to differentiate between two phases: (1) the initial transition from an authoritarian or semi-authoritarian regime to an electoral democracy and (2) the subsequent consolidation of the democracy.

What are the two main factors of democracy?

Legal equality, political freedom and rule of law are often identified as foundational characteristics for a well-functioning democracy.

What are the main features of democracy Class 9?

Hint: Democracy can be simply defined as the government for the people, of the people and by the people….Complete answer:

  • In a Democracy, people have the right to vote and hence choose their representatives.
  • Democracy involves extensive debate and discussion.
  • Democracy also ensures transparency.

What is an example of democratization AP Human Geography?

Democratization : Example Question #1 Explanation: This process, whereby all South Africans could vote, is a classic example of democratization, the movement of a nation’s government to full democratic participation.

What are the 3 waves of democratization?

Scholars debate the precise number of democratic waves. Huntington describes three waves: the first “slow” wave of the 19th century, a second wave after World War II, and a third wave beginning in the mid-1970s in South Europe, followed by Latin America and Asia.

What causes the correlation between development and democratization?

This article tries to determine what causes democratization. It begins by studying the cause of the correlation between development and democracy, and views the models of democratization as strategic interactions between elites and citizens.

How did the study of democratization change over time?

With the completion and sharing of new datasets and the ratcheting up of training in statistics and modeling, approaches to studying democratization have changed greatly since the mid-1990s. Economic models of democratization and large-N statistical investigations of its causes play an ever larger role in its study.

How are case studies used to understand democratization?

In trying to understand democratization, we have traditionally relied on descriptions of transitions in individual countries and small groups of countries or large-N statistical studies. The case studies have been very useful in providing information about particular transitions.

Why are elites willing to cede power to democratization?

Elites, according to Acemoglu and Robinson (2001), are willing to cede some power rather than risk the costs of revolution when they expect democracy not to lead to extremely redistributive taxation. Boix (2003) expects a linear relationship between equality and the likelihood of democratization.