What are the features of the Moon surface?

The moon’s surface is covered with dead volcanoes, impact craters, and lava flows, some visible to the unaided stargazer. Early scientists thought the dark stretches of the moon might be oceans, and so named such features mare, which is Latin for “seas” (maria when there are more than one).

What is the most common feature on the surface of the Moon?

If you look at the Moon through a telescope, you can see that it is covered by impact craters of all sizes. The most conspicuous of the Moon’s surface features—those that can be seen with the unaided eye and that make up the feature often called “the man in the Moon”—are vast splotches of darker lava flows.

What are 5 characteristics of the Moon?

Characteristics of the Moon include its distance from the Earth, size, mass, density, and temperature.

Is there gold on the Moon?

Digging a little deeper than the Moon’s crust, scientists have discovered that the Moon does indeed have a number of precious metals such as gold and silver.

What are 5 surface features of the Moon?

The Top Five Features To Find On The Full Moon

  • 1.) The lunar maria.
  • 2.) Montes Apenninus.
  • 3.) Tycho crater.
  • 4.) Copernicus crater.
  • 5.) Oceanus Procellarum.

What is the darkest part of the Moon?

This is because the moon’s umbra, the darkest portion of its shadow, follows an extremely long but narrow path over Earth’s surface.

What are the 12 phases of the Moon?

How many phases of the Moon are there?

  • new Moon.
  • waxing crescent Moon.
  • first quarter Moon.
  • waxing gibbous Moon.
  • full Moon.
  • waning gibbous Moon.
  • last quarter Moon.
  • waning crescent Moon.

Is there oil on the moon?

Saturn’s orange moon Titan has hundreds of times more liquid hydrocarbons than all the known oil and natural gas reserves on Earth, according to new Cassini data. Instead of water, liquid hydrocarbons in the form of methane and ethane are present on the moon’s surface, and tholins probably make up its dunes.

Are diamonds on the moon?

The moon might be full of enormous diamond crystals, but they won’t do us much good if they’re not close enough for the surface for us to get to them. We find diamonds near the surface of Earth mostly because of volcanic activity.

What are the 3 types of shadows?

The umbra, penumbra and antumbra are three distinct parts of a shadow, created by any light source after impinging on an opaque object.

Does moon have a dark side?

The ‘dark side’ of the Moon refers to the hemisphere of the Moon that is facing away from the Earth. In reality it is no darker than any other part of the Moon’s surface as sunlight does in fact fall equally on all sides of the Moon. For consistency, we’ll refer to the ‘far side’ for the rest of the article.

What are the three major features of the Moon’s surface?

The surface of the Moon has many features, including mountains and valleys, craters, and maria —wide flat areas that look like seas from a distance but are probably solidified molten rock. Some of these features are listed.

What are the major features of the lunar surface?

The lunar maria. These dark regions — Latin for “seas” — are solidified lava flows from between 3-3.5 billion years ago: a billion years younger than the majority of

  • extending for over 400 km.
  • Tycho crater.
  • Copernicus crater.
  • Oceanus Procellarum.
  • What are the three features of the Moon?

    While the craters, highlands and maria are the moon’s three main landforms, the moon’s surface has a number of other highly visible features. For example, some impact craters have bright rays that shoot outward from the center. Also, the moon has a number of rilles, which are long, thin tunnels or trenches.

    What process creates surface features on the Moon?

    The complex geomorphology of the lunar surface has been formed by a combination of processes, especially impact cratering and volcanism. The Moon is a differentiated body, with a crust, mantle, and core .