What are the targets for Effort Sharing in the EU?
The Effort Sharing legislation establishes binding annual greenhouse gas emission targets for Member States for the periods 2013–2020 and 2021–2030. These targets concern emissions from most sectors not included in the EU Emissions Trading System ( EU ETS ), such as transport, buildings, agriculture and waste.
How does the effort sharing decision ( ESD ) work?
The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) sets national emission targets for Member States for each year between 2013 and 2020 in the sectors of the economy not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System. To ensure that compliance with these targets is assessed in a credible, consistent,…
What was the goal of the Effort Sharing Regulation?
Decision 406/2009/EC on the efort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 (Effort Sharing Decision, ESD) set greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for each European Union Member State for the sectors not covered by the EU Emissions Trading System.
Which is not included in the effort sharing decision?
The Effort Sharing Decision did not include emissions or removals from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). Each Member State had an emission reduction or limitation commitment for 2020 under this Decision which varied between -20% and +20% as compared to its 2005 GHG emissions.
Is it good to share burdens with refugees?
But the crux of the matter is not just what constitutes “sharing,” but also how one defines the “burden” to be distributed. If the “burdens” imposed by receiving large numbers of refugees were simply financial, in some cases it could be sensible for richer countries to pay poorer ones to assist refugees.
What are the two strands of burden sharing?
There were two main strands to this debate: Intra-EU Burden-sharing. First came a discussion on possible forms of burden-sharing of refugees or asylum seekers among European Union (EU) states.
When was the European Refugee Fund set up?
In 1997, the European Refugee Fund was set up to provide financial assistance to EU states receiving large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees.