What are the types of crutches?

There are three types of crutches; Axilla crutches, Elbow crutches and Gutter crutches….Crutch Type

  • Axilla or underarm crutches They should actually be positioned about 5 cm below the axilla with the elbow flexed 15 degrees, approximately.
  • Forearm crutches (or lofstrand, elbow or Canadian crutches).

What are auxiliary crutches?

Axillary crutches, or underarm crutches, are used to support a patient when one leg is almost entirely non-weight bearing. These crutches are commonly used for short-term purposes such as while the patient is recovering from injuries or is weak from surgery. Axillary crutches crutches are height adjustable.

What are axillary crutch gait patterns?

A person on underarm crutches can use either the 3-point, swing-to or swing-through gaits. Due to the much higher pivot point of an underarm or axillary crutch (the axilla versus the wrist), it is our opinion that this fulcrum is too high to maintain correct posture during other gait patterns.

What are arm crutches called?

elbow crutches
The two main types of crutches are forearm crutches, colloquially known as elbow crutches, and axial or underarm crutches, sometimes called armpit crutches. Though underarm crutches are the most well-known type, in many cases patients would be better off with forearm crutches.

Which type of crutches is best?

When it comes to posture, forearm crutches are better option than underarm crutches. They encourage the user to stand tall and straight. It is easier to walk with forearm crutches if your posture is good.

What is another name for crutches?

What is another word for crutch?

cane stick
ashplant crook
waddy walking aid
walking stick shillelagh
thumb stick handstaff

What are arm crutches for?

Forearm crutches, also known as elbow crutches, are mobility aids that help to transfer the body’s weight from an injured leg/foot to the upper body. Usually made of metal or plastic, the user will slip their forearm into a cuff and then grasp a hand grip.

What are the five types of gait crutches?


  • Underarm or axilla.
  • Forearm.
  • Platform.
  • Leg support.
  • One crutch.
  • Four-point gait.
  • Two-point gait.
  • Three-point gait.

What is the most common type of crutches?

Axilla crutches
Axilla crutches are the most common type. [2] Their ease of use makes them an excellent option for most individuals. They are best for short-term use. The design is intended to transfer most of the user’s body weight to the arms and torso.

What is the difference between forearm crutches and underarm crutches?

Though forearm crutches are more just in distributing the weight as compared to the underarm crutches. Both types of crutches need a significant amount of upper-body strength but forearm crutches requires it more. Underarm crutches can help you walk even if you have slightly low upper-body strength.

Where does the weight of an axillary crutch rest?

Axillary Crutches These crutches rest under the arm (armpit ~ axilla), hence the name axillary crutches or underarm crutches. The body weight is transferred from the armpit to the floor and in this manner it can bear up to 80% of the body weight.

What kind of Crutch is used for long term use?

They are commonly called elbow crutches, or Canadian crutches, as they were initially made in Canada. This type of crutch is more for long-term use rather than short-term use, like the underarm crutches.

What kind of Crutch is used for partial weight bearing?

Gutter Crutches (or adjustable arthritic crutches, forearm support crutches) These are additional types of crutches, which is composed of padded forearm support made up of metal, a strap and adjustable handpiece with a rubber ferrule. These crutches are used for patients who are on partial weight bearing like Rheumatoid disease.

Which is better a walking cane or a nonaxillary crutch?

It may have a forearm cuff at the top which provides greater support. Nonaxillary crutches are suited for a person who needs slightly greater support than a walking cane. It is able to transfer up to 50% of the body weight down to the floor.