## What does knee flexion Goniometry measure?

Knee flexion should be measured with the subject supine. This position allows assessment of the joint range of motion without interference from tightness in the rectus femoris muscle. If the examiner wishes to assess length of the rectus femoris, have the patient lie prone (see 2nd illustration).

### What is the normal ROM of hip with the knee flexed?

Reference Values for Normal Joint Range of Motion

Age 2–8
Hip flexion 134.9 (133.0 – 136.8) 135.2 (133.0 – 137.4)
Knee flexion 142.3 (140.8 – 143.8) 142.2 (140.4 – 144.0)
Knee extension 2.4 (1.5 – 3.3) 1.8 (0.9 – 2.7)
Ankle dorsiflexion 17.3 (15.6 – 19.0) 16.3 (14.9 – 17.7)

How do you measure internal rotation of the knee?

Technique. The patient is lying supine with the knee flexed 90 degrees and the foot fixed to the examining table by the examiner. 30 degrees of internal rotation is applied to the tibia by rotating the foot. The examiner pulls anteriorly on the tibia to assess for anterolateral rotary instability.

What is normal external rotation of the hip?

External rotation: 0 to 45 degrees. Internal rotation: 0 to 45 degrees.

## What is normal knee flexion and extension?

Knee range of motion: a. Normal range of motion, using the anatomical position as zero degrees. Flexion = 0 to 140 degrees. Extension – zero degrees = full extension.

### What is normal internal and external rotation of the hip?

Normal range of motion values for hip internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) are reported as 40″ and 50°, respectively (3).

How do you fix internal knee rotation?

Seated chair hip internal rotation

1. Start sitting in a straight-backed chair with your legs bent at 90 degrees and your feet flat on the floor.
2. Move your right foot outward and up as far as it can go, keeping your right knee stable.
4. Repeat for 20 to 30 reps.

Which is the correct location for hip goniometry?

Anterior midline of lower leg, referencing tibial crest & point midway between malleoli Sitting, knee flexed 90 0. Hip in 0 0 abd – add & 90 0 flexion. Roll towel under distal femur. Contralateral knee may need to be flexed to allow full ROM Stabilize distal femur to prevent abd or further hip flex.

## What does Abd stand for in hip goniometry?

Contralateral hip is abd to allow full ROM Sitting, knee flexed 90 0. Hip in 0 0 abd – add & 90 0 flexion. Roll towel under distal femur Stabilize distal femur to prevent add or further hip flex. Avoid rotation & lateral tilting of pelvis Anterior midline of lower leg, referencing tibial crest & point midway between malleoli

### How is goniometry used to measure joint motion?

Patient is in prone with test-side ankle off plinth and leg in extension. ↑ Norkin CC, White DJ. Measurement of joint motion: a guide to goniometry.

How long does it take to complete a goniometry course?

We expect the required elements to take around 30-32 hours depending on your schedule and learning style. Additionally, there are many optional resources provided and if you choose to review these the course could take longer to complete. Types of Activities – Reading Physiopedia pages, journal articles, book chapters.