## What is a stable population in biology?

A population’s age structure and growth are determined by rates of fertility, mortality and migration. Stable population theory provides a widely useful mathematical framework, described here, that connects a fixed set of rates to the population dynamics they generate.

What is considered stable population growth?

A population will become stable if it experiences constant age-specific fertility and mortality rates over a long period of time. Stable populations with positive growth rates (r>0) grow steadily over time, negative growth rates (r<0) imply that the population is shrinking steadily.

### What is the difference between stable and stationary population?

The link between fertility and mortality in a stationary population In a stable population we have that the growth rate equals the difference between crude birth rate and crude death rate. But in a stationary population the growth rate is zero.

How do you know if a population is stable?

This stable population has been defined by the following properties: (a) Constant age distribution; (b) Constant and known mortality; (c) Constant and known fertility.

## Who is the father of demography?

John Graunt
A corner of history: John Graunt, 1620-1674, the father of demography.

What country has the most stable population?

Syria
Country Comparison > Population growth rate

Rank Country Population growth rate (%)
1 Syria 4.64
2 Niger 3.66
3 Angola 3.4
4 Benin 3.39

### What are the benefits of a stable population?

A stable or declining population is good for the climate. It means lower CO2 emissions, less energy consumption, less trash, and less human pressure on the environment.

Why do we need a stable population?

Stable populations are theoretical models widely used by demographers to represent and understand the structure, growth and evolution of human populations. By definition, stable populations have age-specific fertility and mortality rates that remain constant over time.

## What decreases a population?

Causes. A reduction over time in a region’s population can be caused by sudden adverse events such as outbursts of infectious disease, famine, and war or by long-term trends, for example sub-replacement fertility, persistently low birth rates, high mortality rates, and continued emigration.

Who is known as father of population education?

Population Education was coined by professor S. R. Wayland of Columbia University, USAin 1935. That is why he is regarded as the father of population education.

### Who first used the term demography?

statistician Achille Guillard
In its simplest definition, demography is the scientific study of human populations. According to Landry (1945), the term demography was first used by the Belgian statistician Achille Guillard in his 1855 publication: Eléments de statistique humaine, ou démographie comparée.

Which country has lowest population?

Countries With Shrinking Populations

Rank Country 2015-20 Population Growth (%)
1 Lithuania -1.483
2 Latvia -1.148
3 Venezuela -1.125
4 Bosnia and Herzegovina -0.886

## When does stabilizing selection occur in a population?

Stabilizing selection: Stabilizing selection occurs when the population stabilizes on a particular trait value and genetic diversity decreases. When the environment changes, populations will often undergo directional selection, which selects for phenotypes at one end of the spectrum of existing variation.

How is diversity reduced in a stabilizing population?

Diversity in a population is decreased due to stabilizing selection—genotypes which are not selected are reduced and can disappear. However, this does not mean that all individuals are exactly the same. Often, mutation rates in DNA within a stabilized population are actually a bit higher statistically than those in other types of populations.

### What is the difference between stabilizing and directional selection?

Contrast stabilizing selection, directional selection, and diversifying selection. Stabilizing selection results in a decrease of a population ‘s genetic variance when natural selection favors an average phenotype and selects against extreme variations.

How does microevolution help to stabilize a population?

This and other kinds of microevolution keep the “stabilized” population from becoming too homogeneous and allow the population the ability to adapt to future environmental changes. Stabilizing selection works mostly on traits that are polygenic.