What is Mauryan period famous for?

The Mauryan Empire, which formed around 321 B.C.E. and ended in 185 B.C.E., was the first pan-Indian empire, an empire that covered most of the Indian region. It spanned across central and northern India as well as over parts of modern-day Iran.

What are the knowing about history of Mauryan period?

The Maurya Empire was founded in 322 BCE by Chandragupta Maurya, who had overthrown the Nanda Dynasty and rapidly expanded his power westward across central and western India in order to take advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal by Alexander the Great ‘s armies.

What are three facts about the Mauryan empire?

Being the founder, Chandragupta Maurya was the first emperor of the empire and practiced absolute monarchy. Chandragupta Maurya expanded its territory across central and western India. He conquered satraps, a provincial government under the Persian empire. His empire expanded further northwards by 317 BCE.

How did the Maurya dynasty end?

In 180 BCE, Brihadratha Maurya, was killed by his general Pushyamitra Shunga in a military parade without any heir. Hence, the great Maurya empire finally ended, giving rise to the Shunga Empire.

Which is oldest dynasty in India?

The Maurya Empire
Option A- The Maurya Empire is the oldest dynasty among the options that have been provided. Option B- The Gupta Empire was an antiquated Indian empire existing from the mid-to-late third century CE to 543 CE. At its pinnacle, from around 319 to 467 CE, it covered a large part of the Indian subcontinent.

What are the main sources of Mauryan period?

The Arthashastra, Megasthenes’s Indica, the Milindapanho, the Puranas, the Mudrarakshasa, the Mahavamsa and the Jaina Parishishthaparvan are considered to be the most important literary sources of Mauryan history and chronology.

What is post Mauryan period?

Post-Mauryan coinage refers to the period of coinage production in India, following the breakup of the Maurya Empire (321–185 BCE). The centralized Mauryan power ended during a Coup d’état in 185 BCE leading to the foundation of the Shunga Empire.

Who destroyed the Mauryan empire?

The Maurya empire was finally destroyed by Pushyamitra Shunga in 185 BC. Although a brahmana, he was a general of the last Maurya ruler called Brihadratha. He is said to have killed Brihadratha in public and forcibly usurped the throne of Pataliputra. The Shungas ruled in Pataliputra and central India.

What was the time period of Chandragupta Maurya?

Chandragupta Maurya: Mauryan Period. Maurya Period from 322 BCE to 187 BCE. Iron Age was the start of this great empire and covered the almost whole Indian subcontinent geographically.

Who was the founder of the Maurya Empire?

Iron Age was the start of this great empire and covered the almost whole Indian subcontinent geographically. Maurya empire was the great empire to flourish in India. The founder of this great dynasty is Chandragupta Maurya along with the help of his Guru Chanakya.

What kind of architecture did the Mauryans use?

Archaeologists have now been able to locate solid brick or stone defences and ramparts in such places as Kausambi, Taxila, Rajgir and Sisupalgarh. While this period marked a second transition to use of brick and stone, wood was still the material of choice. Kautilya in the Arthashastra advises the use of brick and stone for their durability.

What was the use of caves in the Mauryan period?

Apart from the court art or royal patronage, cave-architecture, sculpture, and pottery took the expressions of art by individual effort. Cave Architecture: During the Mauryan period, caves were generally used as viharas, i.e. living quarters, by the Jain and Buddhist monks.