What is R Prolixus?
Rhodnius prolixus are vectors for human disease. Rhodnius prolixus are the principle vector for Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas’ disease, in northern South America. Rhodnius prolixus is also a vector for Trypanosoma (Herpetosoma) rangeli, which causes a common disease in dogs, cats and humans in Central America.
What is Chagas disease?
Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to animals and people by insect vectors that are found only in the Americas (mainly, in rural areas of Latin America where poverty is widespread). Chagas disease (T. cruzi infection) is also referred to as American trypanosomiasis.
What is Chagas disease in humans?
Chagas disease (also termed American trypanosomiasis) is an infection caused by a protozoan parasite (Trypanosoma cruzi) that can result in acute inflammatory skin changes (chagomas) and eventually may cause infection and inflammation of many other body tissues, especially those of the heart and intestinal tract.
Are there kissing bugs in the Philippines?
rubrofasciata in the Philippines since the ’40s. According to this preliminary survey the triatomine bugs are likely to be widely distributed all over the country and frequently involved in episodes of human blood feeding.
What is another name for Chagas disease?
Chagas disease (T. cruzi infection) is also referred to as American trypanosomiasis.
What bugs carry Chagas disease?
Triatomine bugs are a type of reduviid bug that can carry Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite that causes Chagas disease.
How do you know if you have been bitten by a kissing bug?
Kissing bugs can cause patches of bites, often around the mouth. The bites are usually painless, but they may swell and look like hives. Itching from the bites may last a week.
What happens if a kissing bug bites you?
Do kissing bugs fly or crawl?
Kissing bugs can fly, but they can also crawl and get inside that way. Homeowners can get rid of kissing bugs using liquid residual pesticides, baits or dusts.
Where does Rhodnius prolixus live in the world?
Rhodnius prolixus. Rhodnius prolixus is the principal triatomine vector of the Chagas parasite due to both its sylvatic and domestic populations in northern South America as well as to its exclusively domestic populations in Central America.
Why is Rhodnius prolixus known as the kissing bug?
It has been implicated in the transmission of transposons between it and some of its vertebrate hosts, squirrel monkeys and opossums. Rhodnius prolixus is also known as the kissing bug because it tends to feed on the area around victims’ mouths.
How did Rhodnius prolixus colonize Central America?
Rhodnius prolixus established itself throughout Central America after specimens that originated in Venezuela accidentally escaped from a San Salvadoran research laboratory in 1915. It colonized houses and invaded neighboring countries, probably through accidental carriage by travelers. The insect has five larval stages, with a moult between each.