What is the biodiversity of India?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What is biodiversity explain the biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity is the variety and differences among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part. The Thar desert and the Himalayas are two regions rich in biodiversity in India.
What is the introduction of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.
What is the importance of biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity in India, particularly, is important for its religious, spiritual and other cultural uses. Many plants and animals have ritual significance. Among auspicious flowers offered in temples are Hibiscus offered to goddess Kali and Datura flowers to Lord Siva.
Why India is called biodiversity?
India is called a mega diversity center because of the large number and the variety of organisms are found in this country. These ecosystems are populated by organisms which are endemic to the Indian subcontinent such as the Asiatic lion, the Kashmir stag, the Black buck, etc.
What is a simple definition of biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?
Support a larger number of plant species and, therefore, a greater variety of crops. Protect freshwater resources. Promote soils formation and protection. Provide for nutrient storage and recycling.
Why India is called Megadiversity?
Mega means large so mega diversity means a large number and wide range of species present in an ecosystem. As India is very rich in the diversity of plants and animals, so it is called as mega diversity centre .
Is India rich in biodiversity?
India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. Among amphibians found in India, 62% are unique to this country. Among lizards, of the 153 species recorded, 50% are endemic.
What are the different types of biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity and its Types 1 Biodiversity Definition. “Biodiversity is the variation among living organisms from different sources including terrestrial, marine and desert ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are a part.” 2 Types of Biodiversity. 3 Importance Of Biodiversity. 4 Biodiversity in India.
Why is it important to conserve biodiversity in India?
Biodiversity preserves different cultures and spiritual heritage. Therefore, it is very important to conserve biodiversity. India is one of the most diverse nations in the world. It ranks ninth in terms of plant species richness. Two of the world’s 25 biodiversity hotspots are found in India.
Which is the most biodiversity rich island in India?
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are extremely rich in species and many subspecies of different animals and birds have evolved. Among the endemic species i.e., those species found only in India, a large proportion are concentrated in these areas.
Who is exempt from Biodiversity Act of India?
The Biodiversity Act of India: An Introduction 1 Approvals under the BD Act. In terms of Section 3 of the BD Act, any person who is (i) a non-citizen or (ii) a citizen but non-resident or (iii) a 2 Exemptions under the BD Act. 3 Recent Update.