What is the correct technique for immobilisation of a spinal injury patient in deep water?
If you suspect a spinal injury in deep water, you should first turn the victim from a prone to a supine position. Then float the victim to shallow water, where you can then immobilize him/her onto an appropriate SID.
What is the Spinal Backboarding procedure?
Spinal Backboarding procedure To place a victim on a backboard, submerge the board, position it under the victim and carefully raise it up to the victim’s body. You then secure the victim to the backboard with straps and a head immobilizer device.
What roll over technique may you use to stabilize a victim’s head in deep water?
The vice grip is most often used to stabilise a victim’s head in water.
When can a spinal injury occur in water?
Spinal injuries can occur in the water, typically when a person’s head has collided with a hard surface (for example, diving into shallow water). Most aquatic spinal injuries occur in the area of the neck due to the bending of the neck on impact (flexion).
What are the key principles to consider when managing a suspected aquatic spinal injury?
The principles of Airway, Breathing and Circulation always take precedence over any suspected injury. their rescue.
How should you move a victim who is too large to carry?
How should you move a victim who is too large to carry or move otherwise, and they must be moved? Foot drag.
When caring for a suspected head neck or spinal injury in the water?
When caring for a suspected head, neck or spinal injury in the water: Minimize movement of the victim’s head and neck using the head splint technique. If three lifeguards are on duty, emergency back-up coverage takes place: When a lifeguard enters the water for a rescue.
When dealing with a spinal injury in the water your first priority must be?
Establishing the airways is the immediate priority but it is also critically important to prevent any twisting of the head or spine.
What is the squeeze play technique in lifeguarding?
Also known as: A technique similar to the vice grip, used to stabilize a standing or sitting guest who is displaying the signs and symptoms of a spinal injury.
How should you transport a patient with a suspected spinal injury?
If you suspect someone has a spinal injury: Call 911 or emergency medical help. Keep the person still. Place heavy towels or rolled sheets on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent movement. Avoid moving the head or neck.
What to do if you backboard a person in the water?
Activate the Emergency Action Plan (EAP). Let others know about the situation so they can assist in the rescue. Blow your whistle and clear the pool. Have another lifeguard or a person nearby call 911. Have another lifeguard or person grab the Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) and bring it to you.
How to secure a victim to a backboard?
Once the backboard is placed, you must begin preparation to secure the victim to the board by first changing the head-splint technique being used and then the position of the backboard in the water. Have your secondary guard firmly grasp the victims chin with one hand while resting their forearm down the middle of the victim’s chest.
How are spinal injury victims secured in the water?
To ensure the victim’s safety when being removed from the pool and also for added immobilization, he/she must be secured with the straps attached to the backboard. Your secondary guard will preform this task while you maintain control of the victim’s head and neck.