What is the death rate of Marburg?
Key facts. Marburg virus disease (MVD), formerly known as Marburg haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus causes severe viral haemorrhagic fever in humans. The average MVD case fatality rate is around 50%.
What virus causes Marburg hemorrhagic fever?
Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a rare but severe hemorrhagic fever which affects both people and non-human primates. MVD is caused by the Marburg virus, a genetically unique zoonotic (or, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family.
Who discovered the Marburg virus?
Slenczka, who was involved in the first isolation of Marburg virus in 1967, describes the desperate hunt of the causative agent of this first filovirus disease outbreak in the center of Europe, its successful isolation, the likely route of transmission from a monkey trading station to vaccine production facilities in …
Is Marburg virus curable?
There is no medicine that cures an Ebola or Marburg virus infection. You will be treated in a hospital and separated from other patients. Treatment may include: Fluids through a vein (IV).
How long does the Marburg virus last?
In fatal cases, death usually occurs between 8 and 9 days after onset, usually preceded by severe blood loss and shock. Supportive care – rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids – and treatment of specific symptoms improves survival. There is as yet no proven treatment available for Marburg virus disease.
How to prevent Marburg hemorrhagic fever ( Marburg HF )?
Marburg hemorrhagic fever (Marburg HF) Prevention. Preventive measures against Marburg virus infection are not well defined, as transmission from wildlife to humans remains an area of ongoing research. However, avoiding fruit bats, and sick non-human primates in central Africa, is one way to protect against infection.
How to prevent the spread of the Marburg virus?
Therefore, increasing awareness in communities and among health-care providers of the clinical symptoms of patients with Marburg hemorrhagic fever is critical. Better awareness can lead to earlier and stronger precautions against the spread of Marburg virus in both family members and health-care providers.
What are the CDC guidelines for haemorrhagic fever?
In conjunction with the World Health Organization, CDC has developed practical, hospital-based guidelines, titled: Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers In the African Health Care Setting.