What is the limiting reagent in the synthesis of methyl benzoate?

Question: What is the limiting reagent in the preparation of methyl benzoate. Benzoic acid or methanol.

What is nitration of methyl benzoate?

Nitration is the substitution of an NO2 group for one of the hydrogen atoms on a benzene ring. In this experiment the students nitrate methyl benzoate. The reaction is regioselective and produces predominantly methyl 3-nitrobenzoate.

What is the limiting reagent in nitration of bromobenzene?

For the nitration, 4.01 mL of nitric acid, 4.00 mL of sulfuric acid, and 4.56 mL bromobenzene were used to complete the reaction. With these measurements, bromobenzene was found to be the limiting reagent. Since only 4.56 mL of bromobenzene was used, the amount of product predicted to be recovered was 8.7533 g.

Why is methyl benzoate the limiting reagent?

Do you have enough moles of methyl benzoate available? so no, you don’t → methyl benzoate will be the limiting reagent. This means that methyl benzoate will be completely consumed before all the moles of bromobenzene and magnesium will get the chance to react.

What is the limiting reagent in the formation of triphenylmethanol?

methyl benzoate
so no, you don’t → methyl benzoate will be the limiting reagent. This means that methyl benzoate will be completely consumed before all the moles of bromobenzene and magnesium will get the chance to react.

What is the purpose of sulfuric acid in nitration of bromobenzene?

Question: Procedures for the nitration of bromobenzene and methyl benzoate use a mixture of conc. nitric acid and conc. sulfuric acid to generate the required nitronium ion.

How do you know what the limiting reactant is?

One way of finding the limiting reagent is by calculating the amount of product that can be formed by each reactant; the one that produces less product is the limiting reagent.

Is methyl benzoate toxic?

Skin: May cause skin irritation. Ingestion: May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May be harmful if swallowed. Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation.

What is the purpose of nitration of methyl benzoate?

The purpose of this reaction it’s to perform a nitration reaction on methyl benzoate to create a product of 3-nitro methyl benzoate.

Can a NMR be done on 3-nitromethyl benzoate?

To confirm that the structure of the final product is not of 3-nitromethyl benzoate a C NMR should have been obtained. This was not completed due to the amount of time a C NMR takes, which is approximately 2 hours. overall, the product obtain may in fact be of 3-nitromethyl benzoate with a mixture of side part.

What is the melting point of methyl benzoate?

Nitration of Methyl Benzoate Experiment Appearance and Color of Product White, Flaky, Solid Crystal Melting Point Obtained 76°C Mass of Crystals 0.248g Percent Yield 57. 54 % Overall Reaction Rate Fast

Which is the electrophile in a methyl benzoate?

With carrying out the reaction stated above, the electrophile within the methyl benzoate is the nitronium ion generated from the interaction of concentrated nitric and sulfuric acid. This nitronium ion reacts with the protonated intermediate of the meta position. The meta position is where the electron density is at its highest point.