## What is the magnetic variation in New Zealand?

Here in New Zealand the declination is 23o East, which means that the magnetic north will be pointing 23o East of the True North on the map.

Do I add or subtract magnetic variation?

Use this mnemonic to remember that with variation west, the magnetic direction is going to be “best” or greater than true. Variation is added to true to arrive at magnetic, or subtracted from magnetic to get true. With variation east, magnetic will be “least” or less than true.

### Where is the greatest magnetic variation?

The maximum value of the Earth’s magnetic field at the surface is currently about 70 μT in the region of the south magnetic pole. Small variations are measured in nanotesla (1 nT = 10−9 T).

Where can I find magnetic variation?

This information is usually found on the compass rose on your chart. Variation is the difference in degrees and minutes between True North on the chart you are looking at and Magnetic North at that place at a given time.

#### What is current magnetic variation?

Magnetic declination, or magnetic variation, is the angle on the horizontal plane between magnetic north (the direction the north end of a magnetized compass needle points, corresponding to the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field lines) and true north (the direction along a meridian towards the geographic North …

Should you use true north or magnetic north?

True north is a fixed point on the globe. Magnetic north is quite different. Magnetic north is the direction that a compass needle points to as it aligns with the Earth’s magnetic field. Here at Greenwich, the magnetic North Pole has been positioned slightly to the west of true north for hundreds of years.

## How do you convert magnetic to true north?

Thus to convert from a magnetic bearing to a true bearing you would add 17°. The angle measured from the target to Grid North is also larger than the angle measured from the target to Magnetic North. The difference is the 17° angle from True North to Magnetic North less the 1° 33′ angle from True North to Grid North.

What causes magnetic variation?

Magnetic declination is caused by the complex shape of the Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetic declination refers to the use of a compass with its needle…

### What is daily magnetic variation?

a daily- variation signal. \$q variations. As described in Campbell [1997], the daily variation of. the geomagnetic field, as typically observed at mid-latitude. stations during quiet periods, originates in the ionosphere some 100 km above Earth’s surface.

What is the cause of magnetic variation?

#### How do you read magnetic variation?

In order to find the magnetic reading by using a compass, subtract the easterly declination. Remember, “East is least.” Roger’s magnetic reading is 73 degrees.

How many degrees off is magnetic north?

Magnetic declinations vary from place to place, depending on the intensity of Earth’s magnetic fields. For instance, if you hold out a compass in New Zealand, magnetic north will be about 20 degrees east of true north, whereas the declination in Los Angeles is 12 degrees.

## What kind of magnetic field does New Zealand have?

As well as the internally produced magnetic field, the earth has a varying magnetic field that results from its interaction with particles and fields coming from the sun. Large-scale maps of New Zealand (including the 1: 50000 scale Topo50 and 1: 250000 scale Topo250 series) now use the New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000 (NZTM) projection.

Where is the magnetic declination on Linz Topo50?

Luckily, on all of LINZ’s Topo50 maps in current production, the Magnetic Declination is clearly marked on the bottom of each map. NOTE: This declination varies from map to map, location to location – for example – in Auckland you are going to have around 21 deg and Wellington is going to be closer to 24.

### What’s the difference in declination between Auckland and Wellington?

NOTE: This declination varies from map to map, location to location – for example – in Auckland you are going to have around 21 deg and Wellington is going to be closer to 24. It might not ‘seem’ that much difference – but over a distance, a couple of degrees quickly adds up.

What is the declination of the magnetic field?

Declination is the difference in horizontal angle between magnetic North and true North. This angle varies with time. Geomagnetic models show the declination around New Zealand. These models include an estimate of how the field is changing with time.