What is the most common African haplogroup?

Haplogroup L2a
Haplogroup L2a is the most common and widely distributed sub-Saharan African haplogroup and is also frequent in the Americas (∼19%). The wide distribution of L2a in Africa makes identifying geographical origins of lineages difficult.

What is the most basal mitochondrial haplogroup?

M is the most common mtDNA haplogroup in Asia, super-haplogroup M is distributed all over Asia, where it represents 60% of all maternal lineages.

Which haplogroup is the oldest?

The oldest haplogroup is haplogroup A00. This Y-haplogroup indicates a genetic line of people older than what we call homo sapiens, or modern humans. Its age is still being estimated based on mutation rates, but 270,000 years is a close estimate (some researchers claim it could be nearer to 581,000!).

What is haplogroup n1?

Haplogroup N is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) clade. A macrohaplogroup, its descendant lineages are distributed across many continents. Like its sibling macrohaplogroup M, macrohaplogroup N is a descendant of the haplogroup L3.

What are the rarest haplogroups?

Haplogroup X is one of rarest matrilinear haplogroups in Europe, being found only is about 1% of the overall population.

What are the rarest Haplogroups?

Are haplogroups races?

While haplogroups are not directly analogous to races or ethnicities, certain haplotypes and haplogroups are observed more frequently in some groups of people than others. It’s possible, in some sense, to think of these haplogroups and haplotypes as branches of the human family tree.

Who are the Finns related to?

The closest genetic relatives for Finns are Estonians (FST to Helsinki 40 and to Kuusamo 90) and Swedes (FST to Helsinki 50 and to Kuusamo 100). The FST values given here are actual values multiplied by 10,000.

What is the age of the haplogroup n1b1?

It is provided at the request of readers. Haplogroup N1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,000 and 17,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b). Note the shift from N1b to N1b1 here.

Who is the mtDNA haplogroup for phylotree.org?

mtDNA Haplogroup N1b1 Phylotree History Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree.

How are haplogroups related to ancestral lineages?

Each haplogroup corresponds to a distinct ancestral lineage. Haplogroups are divided into numerous levels of subclades that form a phylogenetic tree, which is just a fancy word for genealogical tree of genetic ancestry. You may also find it useful to visualise the modern geographic distribution of Y-DNA haplogroups to get a sense of they represent.

What are the haplogroups of northeast Europeans?

Northeast Europeans would have belonged mostly to haplogroup R1a, and to a lower extent also I2a2 and R1b. Other minor male lineages were certainly also present in parts of Europe, notably haplogroup A1a, C-V20, and possibly even Q1a.