What is the use of Cytocentrifuge?

A cytocentrifuge, sometimes referred to as a cytospin, is a specialized centrifuge used to concentrate cells in fluid specimens onto a microscope slide so that they can be stained and examined.

How do you Centrifuge CSF?

Centrifuge the CSF for 10-15 minutes at 1000 x g, if > 1 ml is available (see above). Divide a glass slide into two sections using a marker. Use one section for the unknown CSF and the other section for a known organism for QC.

What is the surgery for CSF leak?

Usually performed under general anesthesia, a surgeon will work endoscopically through the nose to identify the leak and repair it using cartilage and other tissue from the ear and nose. CSF leak closure surgery does not involve cutting through the skin, as it is performed entirely through the nostrils.

How long does it take to recover from CSF leak surgery?

The repair site can take four to six weeks to heal completely. During that time, the patient’s activity will be restricted to avoid straining, heavy lifting (no greater than 10 pounds), and nose blowing.

What is cytospin preparation?

Cytospin preparations A cytospin is obtained by employing centrifugal force to isolate, concentrate and deposit a monolayer of cells from a dilute cell suspension onto a circular area on a slide. The objective is to keep cells intact enabling the morphology of the cells to be examined.

How do you transport CSF?

Transporting CSF specimens without T-I mediaCSF specimens should be transported to a microbiology laboratory as soon as possible. Specimens for culture should not be refrigerated or exposed to extreme cold, excessive heat, or sunlight. They should be transported at temperatures between 20°C and 35°C.

How long can you store CSF?

Cellularity decreased by 8.5%, 22%, and 40% at 18, 24, and 48 hours, respectively. Cell morphology and antigenicity were well preserved at all the three time intervals. Conclusion Formol saline and EDTA, when mixed with the CSF in the ratio of 1:5, can preserve significant cellularity for up to 24 hours.

Can you have a CSF leak for years?

Spinal fluid leaks also can lead to serious complications, including seizures. Patients may have a CSF leak for years or decades before it is diagnosed.

What should I avoid with a CSF leak?

Avoid bending, lifting, stretching and twisting. Avoid straining to have bowel movements; a stool softener is often prescribed. Avoid coughing and sneezing, but if you must, do so with your mouth open. Do not blow your nose.

How to treat a cerebrospinal fluid ( CSF ) leak?

What is the treatment for a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak? 1 Bed rest (days to up to 2 weeks) 2 Hydration (2 to 3 quarts) 3 IV caffeine infusions 4 Saline infusions

How to determine the location of a CSF leak?

One or more of the following other tests may be ordered to determine the location of the leak as well as changes in structures and features in the brain or spinal cord area: 1 Computed tomography (CT) 2 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) 3 Myelography 4 Cisternography 5 Lumbar puncture (to measure the pressure and amount of CSF)

How is cerebrospinal fluid ( CSF ) collected for serology?

With the help of three-way stopcock in an appropriate position, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is collected in sterile plain tubes as follows (Figure 1182.4): Tube 1: Chemistry (For the glucose, protein and other serology tests)

What does total leukocyte count in CSF mean?

(A) Total Leukocyte Count: Cell count on CSF is done manually on the undiluted sample in a counting chamber. Total leukocyte count increases in various disorders and along with differential count provides important diagnostic information. An increase in cell count in CSF is called as pleocytosis.