What major events happened in the 1800s in Australia?

Significant Events in Australia in 1800’s

  • Period: May 2, 1788 to May 3, 1932. Frontier Conflict.
  • Jul 2, 1788. Frontier Conflict.
  • May 2, 1829. New Australian Colonies.
  • May 2, 1844. Caroline Chisholm.
  • May 2, 1850. John and Elizabeth Macarthur.
  • May 2, 1851. Gold Rush.
  • May 2, 1854. First Steam Railway.
  • Dec 3, 1854. Eureka Stockade.

What was life like in the 1800’s in Australia?

Factory owners were keen to exploit children as cheap labour.In the 1800’s children had to work in Factories and mines. Children were often hired at the same time as their parents and worked as young as 4 for up to 14 hours a day.

What was Australia called in 1800s?

In 1804, the British navigator Matthew Flinders proposed the names Terra Australis or Australia for the whole continent, reserving “New Holland” for the western part of the continent.

What are 5 interesting facts about Australia?

10 interesting facts about Australia that may surprise you

  • The Australian Alps get more snow than the Swiss Alps.
  • 90% of Australians live on the coast.
  • Tasmania has the cleanest air in the world.
  • The Great Barrier Reef is the largest eco-system in the world.
  • Australia has over 60 separate wine regions.

Who named Australia?

It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804. The National Library holds a reproduction.

Why did Britain settle in Australia?

The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.

What life was like in the 1800s?

They were cramped, like multiple families to a single room apartment cramped, had no indoor plumbing or heat, and were poorly lit (if lit at all.) Plus, there was often no ventilation, which meant that when one person got sick, everybody got sick.

Who ruled Australia in the 1800’s?

British Parliament
By the late 1800s, the Australian continent had been divided into six colonies. Each colony had its own government and distinctive pattern of settlement. A Governor, appointed by the British Parliament, along with an appointed Legislative Council, governed each colony.

Who found Australia first?

explorer Willem Janszoon
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

Did Chinese discover Australia?

You see in the 1420s Australia’s west and east coasts were visited and charted by the Chinese. In fact in a great surge of navigation and discovery the Chinese mapped much of the world in the 1420s.

What are 3 facts about Australia?

Australia is the only continent in the world without an active volcano. Australia has three times more sheep than people. The largest Greek population in the world beside Athens in Greece can be found in Melbourne Victoria. An Australian man once tried to sell New Zealand on eBay.

What was the history of Australia from 1788 to 1850?

The history of Australia from 1788 to 1850 covers the early colonial period of Australia’s history, from the arrival in 1788 of the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney, New South Wales, who established the penal colony, the scientific exploration of the continent and later, establishment of other Australian colonies.

What was the history of the Aboriginal people in Australia?

Australia’s History. Before the arrival of European settlers, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples inhabited most areas of the Australian continent. Each people spoke one or more of hundreds of separate languages, with lifestyles and cultural traditions that differed according to the region in which they lived.

Why was there an uprising in Australia in the 1800s?

Their grievances were a mixture of resentment for the unjust treatment of convicts and the discriminatory practices by the British toward the Irish convicts. The uprising was quickly defeated. At the beginning of the decade the British knew little about the shape of Australia and of its uncharted coastline.

Where did most of the people of Australia come from?

Half of these lived in cities, three-quarters were born in Australia, and the majority were of English, Scottish or Irish descent. The founders of the new nation believed they were creating something new and were concerned to avoid the pitfalls of the old world.