What was the role of the Kronstadt sailors in the revolution?

The sailors were important allies to the Bolsheviks after the February Revolution (1917), when the Kronstadt Soviet opposed the provisional government, declared a “Kronstadt Republic,” and took part in the July 1917 mutiny.

What did the Kronstadt sailors demand?

To abolish all Communist fighting detachments in all military units, and also the various Communist guards at factories. If such detachments and guards are needed they may be chosen from the companies in military units and in the factories according to the judgment of the workers.

What was the Kronstadt manifesto?

To summon a non-partisan conference of the workers, Red Army soldiers and sailors of Petrograd, Kronstadt, no later than March 10th 1921. To liberate all political prisoners of socialist parties, as well as all workers, peasants, soldiers and sailors imprisoned in connection with the labour and peasant movements.

Why were the soldiers at Kronstadt referred to as the reddest of the red?

The soldiers and sailors garrisoned at Kronstadt were thought to be loyal supporters of the Bolshevik revolution. Trotsky called them heroes of the revolution, “the reddest of the red”, and most Russians considered them to be closely aligned with the Bolshevik cause.

Why did the Kronstadt sailors rose in rebellion?

The Kronstadt rebellion was an anti-Bolshevik uprising carried out by soldiers and sailors on the island fortress of Kronstadt, a few miles off the coast of Petrograd, in early 1921. The rebellion was a protest against Bolshevik economic policies, food shortages, political oppression and violence.

Why did the Kronstadt sailors fought so desperately?

In February 1921, the Cheka reported 155 peasant uprisings across Russia. The workers in Petrograd were also involved in a series of strikes, caused by the reduction of bread rations by one third over a ten-day period. The revolt at the Kronstadt naval base began as a protest over the plight of the country.

Why did the Kronstadt sailors fight so desperately?

The revolt at the Kronstadt naval base began as a protest over the plight of the country. Agricultural and industrial production had been drastically reduced and the transport system was disorganized.

What really died with Kronstadt?

Hundreds of rebel prisoners were killed in Kronstadt and when Petrograd jails were full, hundreds more rebels were removed and shot. The rest moved to Cheka mainland prisons and forced labor concentration camps, where many died of hunger or disease.

What was Kerensky’s biggest mistake?

One reason Kerensky freed the Communist leaders was to enlist their help in averting an army coup. Another reason his short-lived republic failed, he claimed, was that: “I had no support from the Allies. If I had been given the help that Stalin received in World War II, the world would be a different place today.”

What happened to the Kronstadt sailors?

The Kronstadt Rebellion was an anti-Bolshevik uprising that broke out among soldiers and sailors on an island fortress, close to Petrograd. Waves of Red Army units attacked the island and the Kronstadt rebels were eventually forced to flee. Around 2,000 were captured, most of whom were executed.

What did Lenin argue in his April Theses?

The Theses They were subsequently published in the Bolshevik newspaper Pravda. In the Theses, Lenin: Condemns the Provisional Government as bourgeois and urges “no support” for it, as “the utter falsity of all its promises should be made clear”.

What was the secret police of Russia called?

The Cheka
The Cheka (a forerunner of the notorious KGB), or political police, was formed in December 1917 to protect…… …a new secret police, the Cheka, which was given unlimited authority to arrest and shoot at its discretion…… The Cheka had carried out not a few summary executions in the first half of 1918.

What was the history of the Kronstadt rebellion?

The history of the rising of the naval town of Kronstadt in Russia by workers and sailors supporting the original aims of the 1917 Revolution against the new Bolshevik dictatorship. The rebellion was crushed by Red Army troops under Trotsky’s command. The Kronstadt rebellion took place in the first weeks of March, 1921.

Who was the journalist who went to Kronstadt?

Morgan Philips Price, a journalist working for of the Manchester Guardian, went to interview the President of the Kronstadt Workers’, Soldiers’ and Sailors Soviet. “The soldiers and sailors were treated on this island like dogs.

What did the Kronshtadt sailors do in 1921?

When the urban workers responded (early 1921) with strikes and demonstrations, the Kronshtadt sailors, sympathizing with them, formed a Provisional Revolutionary Committee.

Where was the naval base of Kronstadt located?

The naval base of Kronstadt lies on Kotlin Island near the head of the Gulf of Finland. Peter the Great captured the island from the Swedes in 1703 and built it into a naval fortress to protect his new capital.