Which of these theories best explains white-collar crime and corporate crime?
Rational Choice Theory, created by Cesare Beccaria in 1764, explains white collar crime as a life of balancing choices and choosing the one with the most reward. Although Beccaria is best known for his work on the death penalty, he contended that crimes are committed through making rational choices.
Which theory is most prominent in studying white-collar crime?
One of the most important approaches is Merton´s anomie theory, which will be explained separately in later chapters. The social learning theory assumes that people are born with no tendency toward or away from committing crime.
What is the major distinction between white-collar and corporate crime?
Corporate crimes may be similar to white collar crimes in many respects. One main difference, however, is that with corporate crimes, the person (or people) committing the crimes are working on behalf of the company they work for. Their goal is to financially benefit the company or its shareholders.
What explains white-collar crime?
Reportedly coined in 1939, the term white-collar crime is now synonymous with the full range of frauds committed by business and government professionals. These crimes are characterized by deceit, concealment, or violation of trust and are not dependent on the application or threat of physical force or violence.
What is a green collar crime?
Basically, Green Collar Crime are those crimes which are committed against the Environment and wildlife. The present paper is an attempt to mark the crimes committed against environment and wildlife. It mainly focuses upon statutes, laws and policies in India, relating to environmental protection and prevention.
What theory explains crimes of the powerful?
Critical theories of crime have roots in general sociological conflict theory, and those that focus on crimes of the powerful are almost exclusively inspired by Marxist sociological theory (now often referred to as political economy theory).
What are some examples of corporate crime?
What is Corporate Crime?
- Falsifying information on financial statements.
- Manipulating the stock market.
- Bribery of public officials.
- False claims in advertising.
- Damage caused to the environment due to negligence.
Is all white collar crime corporate crime?
When individuals commit any of the above crimes on their own behalf, the crime is considered a white-collar crime. However, employees of a business or other organization do these things in the organization’s name, the very same crimes may constitute corporate crime.
What are some examples of white-collar crime crimes of the powerful?
White-collar crime Any criminal offence committed by a person of relatively high status or who holds relatively high levels of trust where the offence is made possible by their legitimate employment. Examples include: fraud, embezzlement, tax violations, workplace theft.