Who were the 6 Enlightenment thinkers?

Terms in this set (30)

  • Thomas Hobbes. 1588-1679.
  • Hobbes’ Preferred Government. Absolute Monarchy.
  • Hobbes’ Social Contract. People would give up their freedom in return for safety and order.
  • Hobbes’ Beliefs.
  • Hobbes’ Contribution.
  • John Locke.
  • Who did Locke influence?
  • Locke’s Preferred Government.

Who are the most famous Enlightenment thinkers?

18 Key Thinkers of the Enlightenment

  • Locke, John 1632 – 1704.
  • Montesquieu, Charles-Louis Secondat 1689 – 1755.
  • Newton, Isaac 1642 – 1727.
  • Quesnay, François 1694 – 1774.
  • Raynal, Guillaume-Thomas 1713 – 1796.
  • Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 1712 – 1778.
  • Turgot, Anne-Robert-Jacques 1727 – 1781.
  • Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet 1694 – 1778.

Which are the two most important Enlightenment ideas?

There were two distinct lines of Enlightenment thought: the radical enlightenment, advocating democracy, individual liberty, freedom of expression, and eradication of religious authority. A second, more moderate variety sought accommodation between reform and the traditional systems of power and faith.

What are the major ideas of Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment, a philosophical movement that dominated in Europe during the 18th century, was centered around the idea that reason is the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and advocated such ideals as liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.

What are the 5 Enlightenment ideas?

The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on the pursuit of happiness, sovereignty of reason, and the evidence of the senses as the primary sources of knowledge and advanced ideals such as liberty, progress, toleration, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.

What are the effects of the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment helped combat the excesses of the church, establish science as a source of knowledge, and defend human rights against tyranny. It also gave us modern schooling, medicine, republics, representative democracy, and much more.

What Enlightenment ideas do we still see today?

Wherever we look today in academia, scholars are rushing to defend the Enlightenment ideas of political and individual liberty, human rights, faith in scientific reason, secularism, and the freedom of public debate. Why the worry? These ideas are, after all, enshrined in the U.S. Constitution.

Are there list of Enlightenment thinkers?

– John Locke. John Locke, an English philosopher and physician, is regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, whose work greatly contributed to the development of the notions of – Baron de Montesquieu. – Voltaire. – Jean-Jacques Rousseau. – Marquis de Condorcet.

Who were three of the Enlightenment thinkers?

The Enlightenment Thinkers. When the Enlightment was happening three great thinkers greatly impacted modern day society. The three greatest thinkers were Beccaria, Locke, and Voltaire. Beccaria came up with the idea of a criminal justice system. Locke believed that all people were born equal and had three natural rights.

What is core belief of Enlightenment thinkers?

The Beliefs of the Enlightenment Philosophers and Writers. The Enlightenment, also known as The Age of Reason, marked a departure from the domination of the church and monarchies in the 17th and 18th centuries in favor of principles such as social progress, equality, liberty and personal responsibility.

What was the major belief of Enlightenment thinkers?

The Enlightenment was a late 17th- and 18th-century intellectual movement emphasizing reason, individualism, skepticism, and science. Enlightenment thinking helped give rise to deism, which is the belief that God exists, but does not interact supernaturally with the universe . Isaac Newton was another key figure of the Enlightenment.