How does one define democracy?

Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.

What are the main points of democracy?

He describes democracy as a system of government with four key elements: i) A system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections; ii) Active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life; iii) Protection of the human rights of all citizens; and iv) A rule of law in …

What are main features of democracy?

Democracy is based on the principle of one person, one vote and one value. There is a Rule of Law and basic fundamental rights are granted to each and every citizen of the country. There is no discrimination amongst people on the basis colour, caste, gender, class or religion.

What are two features of democracy?

Democracy is the form of government in which the rulers are elected by tge people. Democracy is based on consulation. 1) In democratic countries,rulers are elected by the people. 2) The opposition parties are allowed to function freely before and after the election.

What does it mean to be a democracy?

Meaning “rule by the people,” democracy is a system of government that not only allows but requires the participation of the people in the political process to function properly.

How does a country call itself a democracy?

Some people assert that a country calling itself a democracy must be engaged in direct (or pure) democracy, in which the people of a state or region vote directly for policies, rather than elect representatives who make choices on their behalf.

What are the different types of Democracies?

Types of democracies are classified according to various distinguishing features, including constitutional democracy, democratic socialism, Jeffersonian democracy, liberal democracy, parliamentary democracy, or presidential democracy, to name a few.

Where does the word democracy come from in Greek?

Democracy, literally, rule by the people. The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.