What causes increased ceruloplasmin?

Your ceruloplasmin level can be higher than normal because of pregnancy, estrogen therapy, and birth control pills. Diseases such as leukemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, primary biliary cirrhosis, and rheumatoid arthritis can also cause a higher ceruloplasmin level.

What is a normal ceruloplasmin level?

The normal range for adults is 14 to 40 mg/dL (0.93 to 2.65 µmol/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or may test different samples.

What does a high ceruloplasmin result mean?

Anything that interferes with the supply of copper or with the body’s ability to metabolize copper has the potential to affect blood ceruloplasmin and copper concentrations. Higher-than-normal ceruloplasmin levels could be a sign of a serious infection, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, leukemia or Hodgkin lymphoma.

Why would my ceruloplasmin be low?

Low levels of ceruloplasmin can be caused by several different factors: Long-term liver disease. Improper nutrition (malnutrition) Inability to absorb nutrients from food (malabsorption)

How is high ceruloplasmin treated?

The first treatment is to remove excess copper from your body through chelating therapy. Chelating agents include drugs like d-penicillamine and trientine, or Syprine. These drugs will remove the extra copper from your organs and release it into the bloodstream. Your kidneys will then filter the copper into the urine.

How do I reduce ceruloplasmin?

A combination of caloric restriction and exercise reduced ceruloplasmin levels after 6 months in non-smoking, healthy, overweight adults (ages 25 to 50 years) [67]. For diseases that are associated with higher ceruloplasmin levels, treatment of the disease can sometimes reduce ceruloplasmin levels.

What does a low ceruloplasmin test mean?

A lower than normal level of ceruloplasmin may mean your body is not able to use or eliminate copper properly. It can be a sign of: Wilson disease. Menkes syndrome.

How is ceruloplasmin measured?

Ceruloplasmin measurement is via a blood test, which often occurs by analyzing a serum sample with immunoassays, immunoturbidimetry, or immunonephelometry. The sample needs to be spun and separated as soon as the laboratory receives it and assayed promptly.

What does ceruloplasmin level mean?

This test measures the amount of ceruloplasmin in your blood. Ceruloplasmin is a protein that is made in the liver. It stores and carries copper from the liver into the bloodstream and to the parts of your body that need it.

How is low ceruloplasmin treated?

Treatment for aceruloplasminemia mostly falls to chelation therapy and increasing serum ceruloplasmin. FFP (which contains ceruloplasmin) combined IV desferrioxamine is effective in decreasing iron content in the liver. Repetitive FFP treatment can improve neurologic signs/symptoms.

How is Wilson’s disease diagnosed?

Doctors typically use blood tests and a 24-hour urine collection test to diagnose Wilson disease. Doctors may also use a liver biopsy and imaging tests. For a blood test, a health care professional will take a blood sample from you and send the sample to a lab.

Can you recover from Wilson’s disease?

There is no cure for Wilson disease. Lifelong treatment is necessary and could include: Taking copper-chelating medications, which help your body’s organs and tissues get rid of excess copper.

What do you need to know about the ceruloplasmin test?

A ceruloplasmin test is most often used, along with copper testing, to help diagnose Wilson disease. Wilson disease is a rare genetic disorder that prevents the body from removing excess copper. It can cause a dangerous buildup of copper in the liver, brain, and other organs.

Can a person with Wilson disease have normal ceruloplasmin levels?

Some people with Wilson disease who have neurological symptoms will have normal ceruloplasmin levels, as will many people with symptoms of liver damage, especially if they are acutely ill. If ceruloplasmin and urine and/or blood copper concentrations are low, then the person tested may have a copper deficiency.

When to take ceruloplasmin for copper deficiency?

Dark brown rings around the iris of the eyes (Kayser-Fleischer rings) Rarely, ceruloplasmin may also be ordered along with copper tests when a healthcare practitioner suspects that you have a copper deficiency. Symptoms of a copper deficiency include pale skin, osteoporosis, fatigue, and tingling in the hands and feet.

What are the symptoms of ceruloplasmin in infants?

Symptoms usually show up in infancy and include: 1 Hair that is brittle, sparse, and/or tangled 2 Feeding difficulties 3 Failure to grow 4 Developmental delays 5 Lack of muscle tone 6 Seizures More