What happened in The Eumenides?

“The Eumenides” tells of how Orestes is pursued to Athens by the vengeful Erinyes for the murder of his mother, Clytemnestra, and how he is tried before Athena and a jury of Athenians to decide whether his crime justifies the torment of the Erinyes.

What is the theme of Eumenides?

Familial Bonds. At the core of The Eumenides sits a conflict of familial bonds. Orestes, after all, has killed his mother Clytemnestra in order to avenge her murder of his father Agamemnon.

What happens to Orestes at the end of The Eumenides?

Clytemnestra then enters the room. Orestes hesitates to kill her, but Pylades reminds him of Apollo’s orders, and he eventually follows through….

The Libation Bearers
Written by Aeschylus
Chorus Slave women
Characters Orestes Electra Servant Clytemnestra Pylades Cilissa Aegisthus Attendants

Where does the action of the play Eumenides begin?

Unlike the previous two plays in the trilogy, The Eumenides majorly mixes things up. You could sort of say it centers on one action—the trial of Orestes—but what about unity of place? In fact, the scene shifts, starting in Delphi and ending up in Athens.

What does Eumenides mean in English?

the Furies
noun. (used with a plural verb)Classical Mythology. a euphemistic name for the Furies, meaning “the Kindly Ones.” (italics)(used with a singular verb) a tragedy (485 b.c.) by Aeschylus.

Who is the tragic hero in Eumenides?

Eumenides, in turn, shows Orestes seeking mercy for his crime. The goddess Athena, with the help of a court of Athenians, uses Orestes’s case to end the cycle of bloodshed and set up a democratic model for justice. Orestes is often considered a tragic hero, a character whose errors in judgment lead to his downfall.

What is the meaning comfit?

: a candy consisting of a piece of fruit, a root (such as licorice), a nut, or a seed coated and preserved with sugar.

Who is Megera?

Megaera (/məˈdʒɪərə/; Ancient Greek: Μέγαιρα “the jealous one”) is one of the Erinyes, Eumenides or “Furies” in Greek mythology. In modern French (mégère), Portuguese (megera), Modern Greek (μέγαιρα), Italian (megera), Russian (мегера) and Czech (megera), this name denotes a jealous or spiteful woman.

How is Orestes a hero?

Orestes is often considered a tragic hero, a character whose errors in judgment lead to his downfall. Aristotle calls the tragic hero’s judgment error hamartia, or a fatal flaw. Inevitably his hamartia leads to catastrophe.

What is the meaning of laden with?

Something that is laden is weighted down by something heavy, like an apple tree that’s laden with fruit. Laden comes from the Old English word hladan, meaning “to load, heap.” Think of the related word ladle, a big scoop you dip into something, such as soup or hot fudge.

Is the Eumenides a tragedy or a tragedy?

Although technically a tragedy, “The Eumenides” (and therefore “The Oresteia” as a whole) actually ends on a relatively upbeat note, which may surprise modern readers, although in fact the term “tragedy” did not carry its modern meaning in ancient Athens, and many of the extant Greek tragedies do end happily.

What happens at the end of the Eumenides?

When the trial votes are counted, the voting is equal, but Athena persuades the Erinyes to accept her own decision in favour of Orestes as the casting vote. Vindicated, Orestes thanks Athena and the people of Athens, and leaves to go home to Argos, a free man and the rightful king.

Who is the goddess of Justice in the Eumenides?

The goddess of justice intervenes and brings in a jury of twelve Athenians to judge Orestes. Athena herself presides over the trial, instructing her citizens to watch and learn how a trial should be conducted. Apollo speaks on behalf of Orestes, while the Erinyes act as advocates for the dead Clytemnestra.

Why was the chorus important in the Eumenides?

In “The Eumenides” in particular, the Chorus is even more essential because it consists of the Erinyes themselves and, after a certain point, their story (and their successful integration into the pantheon of Athens) becomes a major part of the play.