What is difference between pandemic and epidemic?

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic is that: Epidemic is a sudden outbreak of a disease in a certain geographical area. Pandemic is an outbreak of a disease that has spread across several countries or continents.

What is endemic goitre?

Endemic goitre occurs when the prevalence of thyroid enlargement in the population of an area exceeds 10%. With few exceptions its cause is iodine deficiency superimposed on other goitrogenic factors normally present and responsible for sporadic goitre.

When does a pandemic become an epidemic?

Let’s start with basic definitions: AN EPIDEMIC is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region. A PANDEMIC is an epidemic that’s spread over multiple countries or continents.

What are examples of endemic diseases?

Examples of endemic diseases include chicken pox that occurs at a predictable rate among young school children in the United States and malaria in some areas of Africa. The disease is present in a community at all times but in relatively low frequency.

Is hyperthyroidism and toxic goiter the same?

Toxic goiter: A goiter that is associated with hyperthyroidism is described as a toxic goiter. Examples of toxic goiters include diffuse toxic goiter (Graves disease), toxic multinodular goiter, and toxic adenoma (Plummer disease).

What is the symptoms of goiter?

Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck….The main symptoms of goiter include:

  • A swelling in the front of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple.
  • A feeling of tightness in the throat area.
  • Hoarseness (scratchy voice)
  • Neck vein swelling.
  • Dizziness when the arms are raised above the head.

Is epidemic worse than pandemic?

How does a pandemic differ from an epidemic? The main way pandemics differ from epidemics is through the breadth of their reach. They cover wider geographical areas, often the entire world, and affect far more people than an epidemic. Similarly, pandemics tend to cause many more deaths than epidemics.

What is an example of a pandemic?

The 1918 Spanish flu pandemic: The 1918 Spanish influenza outbreak is still said to be one of the worst pandemics in recent history. Roughly one-third of the world’s population was infected with this flu virus.

Is dengue endemic or epidemic?

Distribution and outbreaks of dengue. Before 1970, only 9 countries had experienced severe dengue epidemics. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries in the WHO regions of Africa, the Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia and the Western Pacific.