What is the characteristics of hepatitis B virus?
Loss of appetite. Nausea and vomiting. Weakness and fatigue. Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
What are potential outcomes of hepatitis B virus infection?
People with acute hepatitis can develop acute liver failure, which can lead to death. Among the long-term complications of HBV infections, a subset of persons develops advanced liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, which cause high morbidity and mortality.
Why is hepatitis B prevalence in Asia?
First-generation Asians from China, Korea, Vietnam, and those from the Pacific Islands are particularly highly impacted by hepatitis B due to the history of the virus (the virus has been circulating in certain areas of the world for thousands of years), as well as historically low infant immunization rates against the …
What are the preventive measures for hepatitis B?
The best way to prevent hepatitis B is to be fully vaccinated. The World Health Organization recommends vaccinating babies within 24 hours of birth, followed by 2 to 3 additional doses within 6 months.
Which organ is most affected by hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B (HBV) is a virus that attacks the liver. It causes the liver to become inflamed (swollen). Over time, the liver can become badly damaged.
Why hepatitis B is called silent killer?
It’s pretty contagious and can be transmitted by blood or bodily fluids, so through things like sharing razors and toothbrushes. It’s been called the silent killer because it is asymptomatic—you might have the virus but not know until it manifests itself until much later.
What countries have a high rate of hepatitis B?
Africa is on the whole considered to have a high HBV endemicity. HBV infection is hyperendemic [> 8% of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) chronic carriers in the general population] only in some sub-Saharan countries such as Nigeria, Namibia, Gabon, Cameroon, Burkina Faso.
Does hepatitis B weaken the immune system?
Hepatitis B Virus Does Not Interfere With Innate Immune Responses in the Human Liver.
Does hepatitis B spread through touch?
You can catch hepatitis B infection through contact with the blood or body fluids (semen, vaginal fluids, and saliva) of a person who has the virus. Exposure may occur: After a needlestick or sharps injury. If any blood or other body fluid touches your skin, eyes or mouth, or open sores or cuts.
Which organs are affected by hepatitis B virus?
Hepatitis B (HBV) is a virus that attacks the liver. It causes the liver to become inflamed (swollen). Over time, the liver can become badly damaged. A diseased liver does not work well.