## What is the Jefferson method of voting?

The D’Hondt method, also called the Jefferson method or the greatest divisors method, is a method for allocating seats in parliaments among federal states, or in party-list proportional representation systems. It belongs to the class of highest-averages methods.

### How does the Scottish electoral system work?

Elections to the Scottish Parliament are carried out using the Additional Member Voting system. This voting system combines the traditional First Past the Post system (FPP) and Proportional Representation (PR). Voters have 2 votes in these elections. The first vote is to elect a person to be their Constituency Member.

**How is Hare quota calculated?**

The Hare quota is the oldest and simplest of the quotas: it is simply the total number of valid votes divided by the number of seats at stake in a constituency. The denominator is the number of seats contested. The Droop quota divides the total number of votes by the number of seats plus 1.

**How does the additional member system work?**

In an election using the additional member system, each voter casts two votes: a vote for a candidate standing in their constituency (with or without an affiliated party), and a vote for a party list standing in a wider region made up of multiple constituencies.

## What is new state paradox?

The New State Paradox states that adding a new entity to the population as well as a fair number of additional seats to accommodate the new entity can still impact the existing entities’ numbers. This paradox was found in 1907 when Oklahoma was added to the Union.

### Which method of apportionment is used today?

Method of Equal Proportions

The current method used, the Method of Equal Proportions, was adopted by congress in 1941 following the census of 1940. This method assigns seats in the House of Representatives according to a “priority” value. The priority value is determined by multiplying the population of a state by a “multiplier.”

**Who won the seat of Stirling 2019?**

2019

Party | Candidate | % |
---|---|---|

Liberal | Vince Connelly | 46.97 |

Labor | Melita Markey | 31.83 |

Greens | Judith Cullity | 12.03 |

One Nation | Angus Young | 3.61 |

**How are seats allocated in Scottish Parliament?**

Under the system, voters are given two votes: one for a specific candidate and one for a political party. Of the 129 MSPs, 73 are elected to represent first past the post constituencies and are known as “Constituency MSPs”. Currently, the average Scottish Parliament constituency comprises 55,000 electors.

## What is a voting quota?

In these voting systems the quota is the minimum number of votes required for a party or candidate to capture a seat, and the Hare quota is the total number of votes divided by the number of seats.

### What is the largest remainder?

The largest remainder method requires the numbers of votes for each party to be divided by a quota representing the number of votes required for a seat (i.e. usually the total number of votes cast divided by the number of seats, or some similar formula).