What is the meaning of meristem in Marathi?

meristem in Marathi मराठी meristem ⇄ meristem, noun. (Botany.) the undifferentiated, growing cellular tissue of the younger parts of plants; actively dividing cell tissue.

What meristem means?

: a formative plant tissue usually made up of small cells capable of dividing indefinitely and giving rise to similar cells or to cells that differentiate to produce the definitive tissues and organs.

What does apical meristem do?

Apical meristem, region of cells capable of division and growth in the root and shoot tips in plants. Apical meristems give rise to the primary plant body and are responsible for the extension of the roots and shoots.

What is Xylem in Marathi meaning?

وڻ ۾ هڪ مادو جو ڪاٺ بڻجي ٿو، ڪاٺ جو رليتو ⇄ Xylem.

Who discovered meristematic tissue?

These meristems are responsible for primary growth, or an increase in length or height, which were discovered by scientist Joseph D. Carr of North Carolina in 1943.

Is Meristematic a tissue?

Meristematic tissues are cells or group of cells that have the ability to divide. Meristematic tissue is characterized by small cells, thin cell walls, large cell nuclei, absent or small vacuoles, and no intercellular spaces.

What are the 3 types of meristems?

There are three primary meristems: the protoderm, which will become the epidermis; the ground meristem, which will form the ground tissues comprising parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma cells; and the procambium, which will become the vascular tissues (xylem and phloem).

Where is special meristem found?

Meristematic tissues are found in many locations, including near the tips of roots and stems (apical meristems), in the buds and nodes of stems, in the cambium between the xylem and phloem in dicotyledonous trees and shrubs, under the epidermis of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs (cork cambium), and in the pericycle of …

How many types of apical meristem are there?

As such, there are two major types of apical meristems according to location, i.e. root apical meristem and shoot apical meristem. The apical meristem actively divides to enable growth in length or height (primary growth).

What does xylem mean in science?

xylem, plant vascular tissue that conveys water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant and also provides physical support. Xylem tissue consists of a variety of specialized, water-conducting cells known as tracheary elements.

What is xylem and phloem?

Plants have tissues to transport water, nutrients and minerals. Xylem transports water and mineral salts from the roots up to other parts of the plant, while phloem transports sucrose and amino acids between the leaves and other parts of the plant.

What are the 3 types of meristematic tissue?

Which is the best definition of the word meristem?

noun Botany. embryonic tissue in plants; undifferentiated, growing, actively dividing cells. a plant tissue responsible for growth, whose cells divide and differentiate to form the tissues and organs of the plant. Meristems occur within the stem (see cambium) and leaves and at the tips of stems and roots

Where are meristem cells located in a plant?

Meristem, region of cells capable of division and growth in plants. Meristem cells are typically small cells the diameters of which in different directions are about equal. They have a dense cytoplasm and relatively few small vacuoles (watery saclike enclosures). Meristems are classified by their location in the plant as apical…

What is the function of the root apical meristem?

The root apical meristem, found below ground, is responsible for the growth and development of a plant’s roots. The root meristem produces cells in a bilateral direction, meaning that it yields two types of tissues at the same time.

What is the function of the intercalary meristem?

Although located relatively near an apical meristem and also composed of mostly undifferentiated cells, the intercalary meristem is distinctly different. It works independently of the apical meristem to promote the vertical growth of the plant. Growth here, however, happens not at the tip of the plant growth, but at the base.