What were the negative effects of the Reformation?
The literature on the consequences of the Reformation shows a variety of short- and long-run effects, including Protestant-Catholic differences in human capital, economic development, competition in media markets, political economy, and anti-Semitism, among others.
What’s wrong with iconoclasm?
The Iconoclasts (those who rejected images) objected to icon veneration for several reasons, including the Old Testament prohibition against images in the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:4) and the possibility of idolatry.
What were the positive effects of the Counter-Reformation?
The Counter-Reformation served to solidify doctrine that many Protestants were opposed to, such as the authority of the pope and the veneration of saints, and eliminated many of the abuses and problems that had initially inspired the Reformation, such as the sale of indulgences for the remission of sin.
What were the benefits of the Protestant Reformation?
Ultimately the Protestant Reformation led to modern democracy, skepticism, capitalism, individualism, civil rights, and many of the modern values we cherish today. The Protestant Reformation increased literacy throughout Europe and ignited a renewed passion for education.
What would cause the reformers to embrace iconoclasm?
The Protestant Reformation spurred a revival of iconoclasm, or the destruction of images as idolatrous. The main argument of the defenders was that images were “laymen’s books” enabling the illiterate peasantry to acquire knowledge of the Christian faith and grow spiritually.
Which leader started the Protestant Reformation by speaking out against?
Which leader started the Protestant Reformation by speaking out against papal abuses and the sale of indulgences in the Ninety-five Theses? Martin luther, a german monk.