Who fought in the Irish War of Independence?
The civil war was waged between two opposing groups, the pro-treaty Provisional Government and the anti-treaty Irish Republican Army (IRA), over the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
What year did the Irish War of Independence start?
January 21, 1919 – July 11, 1921
Irish War of Independence/Periods
How did the war of independence start in Ireland?
On the same day as the reaffirmation of the republic on 19 January 1919, a small number of IRA members shot two Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) members at Soloheadbeg in Tipperary. This incident began the Irish War of Independence (although the Dail did not declare war until April).
Why is Black and Tan offensive to Irish?
The Black and Tans employed brutal tactics in an attempt suppress the Irish Republican Army’s guerilla war, massacring civilians and burning Irish towns. As a result of their mistreatment of the Irish people, Black and Tan is pejorative term in Ireland and calling someone a Black and Tan is an insult.
Why you should never order a Black and Tan in Ireland?
Warning: do NOT order a Black and Tan in Ireland! The Black and Tans were another name for the violent Royal Irish Constabulary Reserve Force sent by Britain into Ireland in the 1920s, and the drink is considered offensive.
When did the Irish gain independence from Britain?
View photos. On This Day: Ireland gains independence from Britain as Free State is born. DECEMBER 6, 1922: Most of Ireland gained independence from Britain on this day in 1922 following a brutal guerrilla war waged by the IRA against British forces and the police.
What was the Irish War of Independence?
The Irish War of Independence (Irish: Cogadh na Saoirse, also known as the Anglo-Irish War or Tan War) was a guerrilla war mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army (IRA). It began in January 1919, following the Irish Republic’s declaration of independence, and ended with a truce in July 1921.
What was the Irish independence?
The Irish Republic (Irish: Poblacht na hÉireann or Saorstát Éireann) was a revolutionary state that declared its independence from the United Kingdom in January 1919.
What is the Irish Revolution?
The Irish Revolution is an example of nonviolent strategies operating effectively, if more quietly, within an otherwise violent campaign, revealing how even seemingly successful violent movements may actually owe much of that success to overlooked nonviolent techniques operating behind the scenes.