Who were the main officials in the Mauryan administration?

The Mauryan Empire: Administration

  • Yuvaraj: The crown prince.
  • Purohita: The chief priest.
  • The Senapati: The commander in chief.
  • Amatya: Civil servants and few other ministers.
  • Revenue department:- Important officials: Sannidhata: Chief treasury, Samaharta: collector general of revenue.

What are the five major political administrative in the Mauryan empire?

i) There are five major political centers they were Patilaputra,Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila. ii) Administrative control varied throughout the vast extent of the empire, but it was strongest near the capital and provincial centres which were located around trade routes.

What was city superintendent called in Mauryan period?

The Arthasastra mentions the nagaraka or city superintendent who was responsible for the maintenance of law and order in the city. He was assisted by two subordinate officials, the gopa and the sthanika.

How many provinces are in the Mauryan empire?

four provinces
The Mauryan Empire was divided into four provinces, each governed by the Kumara, who served as the king’s representative. Emperor Ashoka maintained a massive standing army to protect the Mauryan Empire and instill stability and peace across West and South Asia.

Is Mauryan and Gupta same?

The difference between Mauryan and Gupta Empires is that the Mauryan empire was in power before Christ, whereas the Gupta empire came into power after Christ. While the Gupta empire was smaller and had a decentralized administration. Mauryan empire was established by Chandragupta Maurya over the Indian subcontinent.

What are the main features of Mauryan administration?

▶The main features of Mauryan administration were : There were five important political centres in the Mauryan Empire: Patliputra { the capital city } and the provincial centres of Taxila, Ujjayini, Tosali and suvranagiri Communications along the land and riverine routes were developed to administration the Empire.

Who was the last ruler of Maurya dynasty?

Ashoka, also spelled Aśoka, (died 238? bce, India), last major emperor of the Mauryan dynasty of India. His vigorous patronage of Buddhism during his reign (c. 265–238 bce; also given as c.

Who was Sitadhyaksha?

The ‘Sitadhyaksha’ was the officer in charge of agriculture. Akaradhyaksha was the Superintendent of mines. Samsthadhyaksha was the Superintendent of the market. With the help of Chanakya (Vishnugupta/ Kautilya), Chandragupta Maurya defeated Dhana Nanda (322 BCE) and founded the Mauryan Dynasty.

Who founded Gupta dynasty?

Chandra Gupta I, king of India (reigned 320 to c. 330 ce) and founder of the Gupta empire.

Is Maurya smaller than Gupta?

While both the Maurya and Gupta emperors strove to consolidate control of India, the Maurya Empire achieved the greatest size.

Which is first Gupta or Maurya?

The Mauryan Empire was the first Indian empire to be politically united, economically robust and militarily powerful. Gupta Empire: Gupta Empire was founded by Sri Chandragupta in 320 CE and existed through the 4th and 5th century with major portion of India within its geographical boundary.

Who was in charge of the Mauryan Empire?

Yuktas: Subordinate officers responsible for the Empire’s revenue. Rajjukas: Officers in charge of land measurement and boundary-fixing. Registration of births and deaths, foreigners, industries, trade, manufacture and sale of goods, sales tax collection were under the administration’s control.

Where does the name Maurya come from in Ashoka?

The name “Maurya” does not occur in Ashoka’s inscriptions, or the contemporary Greek accounts such as Megasthenes ‘s Indica, but it is attested by the following sources: The Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman (c. 150 CE) prefixes “Maurya” to the names Chandragupta and Ashoka.

Who was the king of Visakhadutta in the Maurya Empire?

The Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadutta as well as the Jaina work Parisishtaparvan talk of Chandragupta’s alliance with the Himalayan king Parvataka, often identified with Porus, although this identification is not accepted by all historians. This Himalayan alliance gave Chandragupta a composite and powerful army made up of Yavanas (Greeks), Kambojas]

When did Chandragupta Maurya overthrew the Nanda Empire?

Chandragupta Maurya raised an army, with the assistance of Chanakya (also known as Kauṭilya), and overthrew the Nanda Empire in c. 322 BCE.