What causes erythema multiforme in infants?

What Causes Erythema Multiforme? Most cases of erythema multiforme happen because the body has an allergic reaction to an infection or a medicine. The most common trigger is the germ that causes cold sores. In kids, a germ that causes lung infections also can trigger erythema multiforme.

What diseases have erythema multiforme?

Most Commonly Reported Causes and Associations with Erythema Multiforme

Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Vulvovaginal candidiasis

What virus causes erythema multiforme?

What causes erythema multiforme? Most often, this skin problem is caused by the herpes simplex virus. Other causes are: Fungal and bacterial infections, such as mycoplasma pneumoniae.

Can erythema multiforme minor become major?

Erythema multiforme can be minor or major. Erythema multiforme minor is usually a mild condition that causes a skin rash.

Does erythema multiforme ever go away?

Erythema multiforme is a skin reaction that can be triggered by an infection or some medicines. It’s usually mild and goes away in a few weeks. There’s also a rare, severe form that can affect the mouth, genitals and eyes and can be life-threatening.

Can erythema multiforme be cured?

Can erythema multiforme be cured? Most patients with erythema multiforme recover completely; however, there can be a risk of further attacks, particularly following cold sores.

Is erythema multiforme an emergency?

If you have severe symptoms of erythema multiforme, go to your emergency room or call 911. If a large area of skin or mucus membranes are involved, it is an emergency.

Is erythema multiforme an autoimmune disorder?

Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-associated erythema multiforme (HAEM): a viral disease with an autoimmune component.

How is erythema multiforme major treated?

For all forms of erythema multiforme (EM), the most important treatment is usually symptomatic, including oral antihistamines, analgesics, local skin care, and soothing mouthwashes (eg, oral rinsing with warm saline or a solution of diphenhydramine, xylocaine, and kaopectate). Topical steroids may be considered.

Which drug is most likely to be causing erythema multiforme?

Many drugs have been reported to trigger erythema multiforme, including barbiturates, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, penicillins, sulphonamides, nitrofurantoin, phenothiazines, and anticonvulsants.

Is erythema multiforme a serious condition?

Erythema multiforme minor is not very serious and usually clears up with medicine to control infection or inflammation. However, if a person develops a more severe form of erythema multiforme (erythema multiforme major), the condition can become fatal.

What are the differential diagnoses for erythema multiforme?

Diagnosis of erythema multiforme is by clinical appearance; biopsy is rarely necessary. Differential diagnosis includes essential urticaria, vasculitis, bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus, linear IgA dermatosis, acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, and dermatitis herpetiformis.

What is the prognosis of erythema multiforme (EM) minor?

Erythema multiforme Prognosis. Moderate forms of this disorder, such as minor EM, usually gets better within 2-6 weeks . However, they may recur at a later date. The treatment of more acute forms may be difficult. The death rate is quite high in cases of Toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome.

What is erythema multiforme and the EM-TEN spectrum?

Erythema Multiforme (EM), Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are a spectrum of a single disease that share common causes and mechanisms but are differentiated based on the severity of the reaction. They are relatively rare in occurrence, but are associated with significant mortality rates.